SEVAI implements Ago Forestry Project in Thottiyapatty and Dasilnaickanoor villages of Trichirapalli Region of Tamilnadu. Around 7000 tree saplings have been planted in these two areas focusing agro forestry. Agro forestry implemented by SEVAI is the sustainable land-use system that maintains and increases total yields by combining food crops with tree crops and livestock using management practices that suit the social and cultural characteristics of the local people and the economic and ecological conditions of the area and under this agro forestry project there are both ecological and economical interactions between the various components.
This Agro forestry project combines, production of multiple outputs with protection of the resource base, places emphasis on the use of multiple indigenous trees and plants, particularly suitable for low-input conditions and fragile environments such villages as Thottyapatty Dasilnaicknoor area, involves the interplay of socio-cultural values more than in most other land-use systems; and this project is implemented more structurally and functionally. SEVAI has established a tree Nursery where tree plants are cultivated and grown to usable size for tree planting. SEVAI strongly committed to forestry program as planting a tree is a lifelong investment.
As tree planting process, SEVAI team carefully selects of trees saplings, the planting location, and provides care during planting, and the follow-up care after planting and this specialized tree plantation start helps the tree mature to its full size and ensures it will provide agro-economic, environmental and social benefits throughout its lifetime. The village farmers of Thottiyapatty and Dasilnaickanoor are trained by SEVAI team members and make the farmers to believe that ‘Trees contribute to their environment by providing oxygen, improving air quality, climate amelioration, conserving water and preserving soil. Trees removes carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and releasing oxygen in its stead also helps limit global warming, providing for a cleaner, healthier climate and the significance of the shade provided by trees is extremely vital for atmosphere as Trees are like the lungs of the planet as they breathe in carbon dioxide and breathe out oxygen’.
Agro forestry implemented by SEVAI is a land use management system in which trees are grown among crops and . This intentional combination of agriculture and forestry under this project has varied benefits, including increased biodiversity and reduced erosion. The Agro Forestry project implemented by SEVAI provides tree-based farming system to a great extent comes to the rescue of small marginal farmers and help them to design a system of production which is spread throughout the year they offer increased productivity, economic benefits, and ecological as this Agro forestry project contributes having a positive influence on ecosystem and balancing the environment. Depleted soil is well protected from soil erosion under this tree plantation project by ground-cover plants in agro forestry systems. These help to stabilise the soil as they increase cover compared to short-cycle cropping systems. Soil cover is a crucial factor in preventing erosion. The runoff water is reduced by decreasing its velocity and increasing infiltration into the soil.
This Agro Forestry project implemented has Environmental benefits such as More efficient recycling of nutrients by deep rooted trees, Better protection of ecological systems, Reduction of surface run-off, nutrient leaching and soil erosion through impeding effect of tree roots and stems on these processes, Improvement of micro-climate, such as lowering of soil surface temperature and reduction of evaporation of soil moisture through a combination of mulching and shading, Increment in soil nutrients through addition and decomposition of litterfall and Improvement of soil structure through the constant addition of organic matter from decomposed litter.
This project has also Economic benefits such as Increment in an outputs of food, fuel wood , fodder, fertilizer and timber, Reduction in incidence of total crop failure, which is common to single cropping or monoculture systems and Increase in levels of farm income due to improved and sustained productivity and the social benefits are Improvement in rural living standards from sustained employment and higher income, Improvement in nutrition and health due to increased quality and diversity of food outputs, Stabilization and improvement of communities through elimination of the need to shift sites of farm activities.